What are the key factors that lead to success or failure in the workplace of a large bureaucracy? Why do some people get recognition and reward, while others reap only frustration?
Almost the least important element is explicit "Career Management": the curriculum of courses offered by the Human Resources group, the planned ticket-punching assignments to gain experience in a range of departments, the selections among predefined career tracks, etc. Far more significant are:
And most important of all, the dominant factor in determining career success is sheer good luck: being in the right place at the right moment, fortuitously asking the right question, chancing to have read the right paper and thus having the crucial fact at one's fingertips, and so forth.
It's nothing that one can plan on—but everything that one can help make possible, by practicing the aforementioned simple virtues ...