Systems Thinking Icebergs

The "Iceberg Model" depicts deeper (or higher) levels of understanding that Thinking in Systems can lead to. Three versions:

Didem Guerduer icebergfrom Didem Gürdür, a minimalist iceberg with labels "React → Anticipate → Design → Transform" parallel to "Events → Patterns → Underlying Structures → Mental Models" (cf [1])
from Spinnaker Systems, an iceberg with labels "Observe → Discover → Understand → Predict" parallel to "Event → Patterns → Architecture → Model" and the questions "What has just happened? → What has been happening? → What has caused it to happen? → What can be done?" (cf [2])Spinnaker Systems iceberg icebergfrom Northwest Earth Institute, an iceberg with "React → Anticipate → Design → Transform" parallel to "Events (What just happened?) → Patterns/Trends (What trends have there been over time?) → Underlying Structures (What has influenced the patterns? What are the relationships between the parts?) → Mental Models (What assumptions, beliefs and values do people hold about the system? What beliefs keep the system in place?)" (cf [3])

(cf Still Life in Ice (2001-02-28), ...) - ^z - 2019-06-27